The Institute of Neuroinformatics (INI) is a joint institute of the Swiss Federal Institute (ETH) and University of Zurich (UZH). (Administratively, proposals are submitted through UZH.) The UZH is a major Cantonal university dedicated to higher learning and research. UZH is one of the leading research universities in Europe, devoted to both scientific research and teaching. With 24,000 students and 1,900 graduates every year, Zurich is also Switzerland's largest university. The ETH is a science and technology university with an outstanding research record, recently ranked 5th in the world. It is the study, research and work place of 18,000 people from 80 nations. Twenty-one Nobel Laureates are connected with ETH Zurich. The INI was founded in 1995 under the directorship of Rodney Douglas and Kevan Martin to carry out experimental, theoretical and applied research with the aim of discovering key principles by which the brain is built and works, and to use this knowledge in practical applications where possible. The Institute has a staff of over 70 persons. In addition to experimental neurophysiology and neuroanatomy facilities it includes electronic design, development and test equipment. Personnel range from neuroscientists, computer scientists, engineers, physicists, to psychologists.