Although artificial vision has been in development for over half a century, the processing capabilities of biological visual systems are still vastly superior in terms of power, speed, and performance. This is particularly noticeable in challenging dynamic visual conditions such as navigation or pursuit. There is increasing evidence that biology has evolved a multitude of cell types, including at the level of the retina, to adapt to an extensive set of required tasks. Existing bio-inspired artificial vision technology has neglected the possible utility of modelling this rich diversity of cells, despite the fact that evolution has preserved and evolved these cells that must be crucial to the organism’s survival. The VISUALISE project proposes a focused effort to turn the concept that retinal diversity is a key feature of natural vision into engineering practice.